Mana Whenua

Mana whenua: customary authority exercised by an iwi or hapu in an identified area.

The Manawhenua of Otago are the Kai Tahu


Appendix I: Glossary (definitions from the Resource Management Act 1991)

Consent authority: the Minister of Conservation, a regional council, a territorial authority, or a local authority that is both a regional council and a territorial authority, whose permission is required to carry out an activity for which a resource consent is required under this Act.

Effect: this includes –

(a) Any positive or adverse effect; and

(b) Any temporary or permanent effect; and

(c) Any past, present, or future effect; and

(d) Any cumulative effect which arises over time or in combination with other effects – regardless of the scale, intensity, duration, or frequency of the effect, and also includes –

(e) Any potential effect of high probability; and

(f) Any potential effect of low probability which has a high potential impact.

Environment: this includes –

(a) Ecosystems and their constituent parts, including people and communities; and

(b) All natural and physical resources; and

(c) Amenity values; and

(d) The social, economic, aesthetic, and cultural conditions which affect the matters stated in paragraphs (a) to (c) of this definition or which are affected by those matters.

Iwi authority: the authority that represents an iwi and that is recognised by that iwi as having authority to do so.

Kaitiakitanga: the exercise of guardianship by the tangata whenua of an area in accordance with tikanga Māori in relation to natural and physical resources; it includes the ethic of stewardship.

Local authority: a regional council or territorial authority.

Mana whenua: customary authority exercised by an iwi or hapu in an identified area.

Tangata whenua (in relation to a particular area): the iwi, or hapu, that holds mana whenua over that area.

Tikanga Māori: Māori customary values and practices.

Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi): has the same meaning as the word ‘Treaty’ as defined in section 2 of the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975.

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